Reporting clinical research
Published 11 June 2021 | updated 24 April
Once the research is completed it is important to report and publish it in a way that will enable others to understand, appraise and incorporate the findings into their own practice. Standardised reporting guidelines for different types of study, including those developed in human medicine, may provide useful information. Authors should also check the ‘guidelines for authors’ for individual journals.
- Munro, B.A., Bergen, P. and Pang, D.S.J. (2021) Randomization, blinding, data handling and sample size estimation in papers published in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia in 2009 and 2019. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2021.09.004
- Pongrácz, P. and Camerlink, I. (2021) The importance of Author Guidelines and details that may seem trivial. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 238, no. 105318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2021.105318
- Pongracz, P. and Camerlink, I. (2022) Unethical ‘salami slicing’ versus appropriately dividing data into multiple publications. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 250, p. 105611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2022.105611
- [VN] Heayns, B.J. (2012) A practical guide to publishing research for veterinary nurses. The Veterinary Nurse, 3 (8), pp. 470-476. https://doi.org/10.12968/vetn.2012.3.8.470
- Sargeant, J.M. (2021) Completeness of reporting of systematic reviews in the animal health literature: A meta-research study. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 195, no 105472 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2021.105472
- Lefebvre, S.L. and Matushek, K.J. (2018) New guidance for reporting of case series in the JAVMA. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 252 (1), pp. 8-9. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.252.1.8
- Di Girolamo, N. and Winter, A.L. (2017) How to report exotic animal research. Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice, 20 (3), pp. 997-1010. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvex.2017.04.010
- Di Girolamo, N. et al (2017) Reporting and communication of randomisation procedures is suboptimal in veterinary trials. Veterinary Record, 181 (8), p. 195. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.104035
- Sargeant, J. et al. (2023) The standards of reporting trials in pets (PetSORT): Explanation and elaboration. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 10, no. 1137781 https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2023.1137781
- Ruple, A. et al. (2023) The standards of reporting randomized trials in pets (PetSORT): Methods and development processes. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 10, no. 1137774 https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2023.1137774
- Sargeant, J.M. et al (2021) Quality of reporting of clinical trials in dogs and cats: An update. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 35 (4), pp. 1657-1971. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.16204
- Sargeant, J.M. et al (2010) Quality of reporting of clinical trials of dogs and cats and associations with treatment effects. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 24 (1), pp. 44-50. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-1676.2009.0386.x
- Sargeant, J.M. et al (2009) Methodological quality and completeness of reporting in clinical trials conducted in livestock species. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 91 (2-4), pp. 107-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2009.06.002
- Winder, C.B. (2019) Invited review: Completeness of reporting of experiments: REFLECTing on a year of animal trials in the Journal of Dairy Science. Journal of Dairy Science, 102 (6), pp. 4759-4771. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15797
- O’CONNOR, A.M. (2010) The REFLECT Statement: methods and processes of creating reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety. Journal of Food Protection, 73 (1), pp. 132-139. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-73.1.132
- Sargeant, J.M. (2010) The REFLECT statement: reporting guidelines for randomized controlled trials in livestock and food safety: explanation and elaboration. Journal of Food Protection, 73 (3), pp. 579-603. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-73.3.579
- The ARRIVE guidelines 2.0. [ARRIVE][online] Available from: https://arriveguidelines.org/arrive-guidelines [Accessed 28 May 2021]
- AMSTAR – Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews [AMSTAR][online] Available from: https://amstar.ca/Amstar_Checklist.php [Accessed 28 May 2021]
- CONSORT (CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) 2010 [CONSORT][online] Available from: https://www.consort-statement.org/consort-2010 [Accessed 28 May 2021]
- Tong, A., Sainsbury, P. and Craig, J. (2007) Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19 (6), pp. 349-357. https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzm042
- ISSM COREQ (COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research) Checklist [ISSM][online] Available from: https://www.elsevier.com/__data/promis_misc/ISSM_COREQ_Checklist.pdf [Accessed 28 May 2021]
- Boxer, E. (2022) Guidelines for reporting research in veterinary medicine. Veterinary Record, 190 (1) pp. 31-33. https://doi.org/10.1002/vetr.1348
- Reichel, M.P. et al (2022) How to publish a great scientific paper – a guide for publishing successfully in Veterinary Parasitology. Veterinary Parasitology, 304, p. 109697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2022.109697
- Munro, B.A., Bergen, P. and Pang, D.S.J (2022) Randomization, blinding, data handling and sample size estimation in papers published in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia in 2009 and 2019. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. 49 (1), pp. 18-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2021.09.004
- Bennett, R.C. (2022) Reporting guidelines: has their use improved the quality of reporting in Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia? Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 49 (1), pp. 4-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2021.12.003
- Moy‐Trigilio, K. E., Buote, N.J. and Parry, S. (2022) Publication rate and evidence‐based evaluation of abstracts presented at the veterinary endoscopy society annual meeting (2004‐2019). Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13761
References marked VN were written specifically for veterinary nurses but may contain useful information for anyone considering undertaking practice-based research.
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